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Senor Azul

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About Senor Azul

  • Birthday 07/16/1947

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  1. Here’s a relatively new interpretation for OBR that can be found in the 2016 BRD (section 348 about malicious contact, p. 232): The umpire has the right to eject (a player) from the game if it’s (the contact) blatant, and he’d be automatically out. (Torre,, 2/24/14)
  2. From the 2016 BRD (section 290, p. 190): OBR Official Interpretation: Wendelstedt: After ball four, a batter becomes a runner. Since the ball is not batted, any hindrance that occurs on the catcher or the catcher’s throw must be intentional for interference to be called.
  3. From the 2013 Wendelstedt Rules and Interpretations Manual (p. 175): It is interference when: The whole bat, either in or out of possession of the batter-runner, hits a fair ball a second time in fair territory, or is thrown and interferes with a fielder attempting to field or throw a ball [5.09(a)(8)]. Enforcement: When the bat interferes with the ball or a fielder, the umpire will call and signal interference and then call time. He will call out the batter-runner, and return all other runners to their original bases. And this case play that appears on page 243 of the same edition: P380: No one on, 1 out, 1-2 count. The batter hits the next pitch to the left side of the infield, his bats slips out of his hand. As the third baseman charges in to field the ball, the bat (a) hits the ball over fair territory, knocking it into foul territory; (b) almost hits the third baseman and causes him to miss the ball. Ruling: In (a), the umpire should signal interference and call time when the bat hits the ball. The BR is out. In (b), the umpire should signal interference and call time when the bat hinders the third baseman. The BR is out.
  4. Mr

    NFHS rule 10-2-3: Umpire-in-chief duties include the following: m. Correct a scorekeeping error if brought to an umpire’s attention before the umpires leave the field when the game is over. 2015 NFHS Case Book Play 10.2.3K: What happens if a scoring error concerning the number of runs a team scores or outs a team has is detected (a) before the game has ended, or (b) after the game? RULING: In (a), the scoring error is corrected immediately. In (b), if by changing the scoring error the outcome will be affected, the corrected score shall be brought to an umpire’s attention before the umpires leave the playing field. Otherwise, the score that both teams thought was correct stands. COMMENT: The scorebook of the home team shall be the official scorebook, unless the umpire-in-chief rules otherwise. Individuals who keep their team’s scorebook should pay particular attention to the score that is posted on the scoreboard, or that is announced over the PA system. If there is any confusion about the number of runs scored, the official scorekeeper should be consulted immediately. Umpires are not required to sign the scorebook to make it official. Official Interpretation: Hopkins: The scorer should inform umpires of a scoring error at the time of the mistake. (Website 2011 #1)
  5. Piedmont High School Highlanders ran the A-11 offense for two seasons. From the Wikipedia article on A-11 offense: The A-11 offense was developed in 2007 by head coach Kurt Bryan and offensive coordinator Steve Humphries at PiedmontHigh School in Piedmont, California. Coming off a 5-6 record in 2006, the coaches were looking for an edge to compete against other teams that fielded more top athletes. Bryan and Humphries found a loophole in the rules concerning allowable punt formations which they used it to design an every-down offense in which all 11 (hence the name "A-11") players were potentially eligible to receive a forward pass. Using the A-11, Piedmont's record improved to 7-4 in 2007 and 8-3 in 2008, with the offense often confusing defenses and scoring more points… In February 2009, the National Federation of State High School Associations rules committee voted 46–2 to close the loophole allowing the linemen-free formations featured in the A-11.
  6. Actually, the Federation definition does not use the term intentionally met (OBR and NCAA do use the term in their definition). Here’s the definition that appears in the 2016 rule book: “A bunt is a fair ball in which the batter does not swing to hit the ball, but holds the bat in the path of the ball to tap it slowly to the infield. If an attempt to bunt is a foul ball, it is treated the same as any other foul ball, except that if the attempt is by a batter who has two strikes, such batter is out as in 7-4-1e.” Some guidance is given in the NFHS case book play 7.2.1B. It says, …In bunting, any movement of the bat toward the ball when the ball is over or near the plate, is a strike. The mere holding of the bat in the strike zone is not an attempt to bunt. (10-1-4a)
  7. When the Official Baseball Rules were re-formatted for 2015 illegal actions by the pitcher were reorganized and placed in its own separate rule—6.02. You can find the penalties you ask about there. And, of course, the definition of the term illegal pitch found in the appendix Definitions of Terms mentions a penalty for an illegal pitch with runners on.
  8. The NCAA actually has an official interpretation that covers this exact situation (found in the 2016 BRD on p. 155): Fetchiet: A batted ball comes to rest not touching the foul line, “but a portion of the ball is breaking the plane of the foul line.” Ruling: Fair ball. (Website 4/20/01) Unfortunately, neither Fed nor OBR has anything similar to the NCAA interpretation.
  9. From the 2016 edition of the Baseball Rules Differences (section 5, pp. 17-19): Appeals: Last Time By FED: If a runner, either advancing or returning, correctly touches a base that was missed the last time he passes by that base, his final touch corrects any previous baserunning infraction. (8-2-6L; 8.2.6H; Website 2011 #15) EXCEPT: Official Interpretation: Hopkins: “Last time by” does not apply when a runner misses a base to gain an unfair advantage. (Website 2011 #16 and 18) NCAA: Same as FED. (2-52) Official Interpretation: Paronto: Same as FED official interpretation. (10/17/13) Play 4-5: R1 leaves too soon on a fly ball. He touches second and advances near third when he realizes he must return and does so by running directly across the diamond toward first. The ball gets by F3; and R1 after retouching first, makes it safely to second. The defense appeals that he missed second, the base on which he now stands, during his return to first. RULING: In FED and NCAA, the umpire will uphold the appeal. At those levels “last time by” applies to situations where the runner could have touched the base but missed it by less than his body’s length. In OBR, the appeal is denied, and the runner is not out.
  10. From the 2014 PBUC (paragraph 3.5, p.17): The next batter up must be in the on-deck circle, and this is the only player who should be there (i.e., not more than one player at a time). This shall be strictly enforced. No other player of the side at bat will be permitted on the field except the batter, base runners and coaches.
  11. From the 2016 BRD (section 371, p. 247): Official Interpretation: Hopkins: After a single, B1 is returning to first when he “contacts the first baseman who is partially in his path.” Since the runner was making no attempt to advance and F3 did not “change the pattern of play,” the umpire will not call obstruction. (Website 2008 #14)
  12. Actually, the MLB rule is 12 seconds for a pitcher to deliver with no runners on. It’s 20 seconds in FED and NCAA--FED is the only code that applies the 20 second rule to situations with runners on. Here’s the relevant MLB rule: 5.07(c) (8.04) Pitcher Delays When the bases are unoccupied, the pitcher shall deliver the ball to the batter within 12 seconds after he receives the ball. Each time the pitcher delays the game by violating this rule, the umpire shall call “Ball.” The 12-second timing starts when the pitcher is in possession of the ball and the batter is in the box, alert to the pitcher. The timing stops when the pitcher releases the ball. The intent of this rule is to avoid unnecessary delays. The umpire shall insist that the catcher return the ball promptly to the pitcher, and that the pitcher take his position on the rubber promptly. Obvious delay by the pitcher should instantly be penalized by the umpire.
  13. The NFHS rule covering prostheses is 1-5-8. The final sentence of the rule reads as follows: “The accommodations should not fundamentally alter the sport, allow an otherwise illegal piece of equipment, create risk to the athlete/others or place opponents at a disadvantage.” There are even a couple of case book plays dealing with prostheses: 1.5.8 F and G. Unfortunately, neither applies to the question in the original post. But I would think that a case could be made that a prosthesis falling off during a play could put the defense at a disadvantage (yes, the player whose prosthesis falls off is probably put at a disadvantage also).
  14. I agree with the applicable rule but I think the correct answer to the question would be “c.” NCAA 9-4-c. A coach may not make a second trip to the mound in the same inning with the same batter at bat. However, if a pinch hitter is substituted, the coach may make a second trip but must remove the pitcher; 1) In this pinch-hitter situation, a relief pitcher, having just been brought in to pitch, may not be removed from the game before pitching completely to one batter or the side has been retired (see 5-5-b).
  15. More food for thought—an official interpretation that can be found in the 2016 BRD (p. 208): “Same as FED…no infraction when a runner accidentally collides with a coach outside the coaching box.” Fetchiet: (Website 4/18/01, 8-5f) And this note from Mr. Childress that appears on page 209: “BRD urges: At all levels, define ‘physically assist’ as any deliberate touching of a runner during a live ball that is intended to communicate instructions such as ‘Get back!’ or ‘Go now!’”